Effect of order of transfer matrix exceptional points on transport at band edges
Abstract
Recently, it has been shown that, in one dimensional fermionic systems, close to band edges, the zero temperature conductance scales as $1/N^2$, where $N$ is the system length. This universal subdiffusive scaling of conductance at band edges has been tied to an exceptional point (EP) of the transfer matrix of the system that occur at every band edge. Further, in presence of bulk dephasing probes, this EP has been shown to lead to a counterintuitive superballistic scaling of conductance, where the conductance increases with $N$ over a finite but large regime of system lengths. In this work, we explore how these behaviors are affected by the order of the transfer matrix EP at the band edge. We consider a onedimensional fermionic lattice chain with a finite range of hopping. Depending on the range of hopping and the hopping parameters, this system can feature band edges which correspond to arbitrarily higher order EPs of the associated transfer matrix. Using this system we establish in generality that, in absence of bulk dephasing, surprisingly, the universal $1/N^2$ scaling of conductance is completely unaffected by the order of the EP. This is despite the fact that existence of transfer matrix EP is crucial for such behavior. In presence of bulk dephasing, however, the phase coherence length, the extent of the superballisitic scaling regime and the exponent of superballistic scaling, all encode the order of the transfer matrix EP.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 July 2024
 DOI:
 10.48550/arXiv.2407.10884
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2407.10884
 Bibcode:
 2024arXiv240710884S
 Keywords:

 Condensed Matter  Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics;
 Condensed Matter  Statistical Mechanics;
 Quantum Physics