Recovery of Sparse Graph Signals
Abstract
This paper investigates the recovery of a nodedomain sparse graph signal from the output of a graph filter. This problem, often referred to as the identification of the source of a diffused sparse graph signal, is seminal in the field of graph signal processing (GSP). Sparse graph signals can be used in the modeling of a variety of realworld applications in networks, such as social, biological, and power systems, and enable various GSP tasks, such as graph signal reconstruction, blind deconvolution, and sampling. In this paper, we assume double sparsity of both the graph signal and the graph topology, as well as a loworder graph filter. We propose three algorithms to reconstruct the support set of the input sparse graph signal from the graph filter output samples, leveraging these assumptions and the generalized information criterion (GIC). First, we describe the graph multiple GIC (GMGIC) method, which is based on partitioning the dictionary elements (graph filter matrix columns) that capture information on the signal into smaller subsets. Then, the local GICs are computed for each subset and aggregated to make a global decision. Second, inspired by the wellknown branch and bound (BNB) approach, we develop the graphbased branch and bound GIC (graphBNBGIC), and incorporate a new tractable heuristic bound tailored to the graph and graph filter characteristics. Finally, we propose the graphbased first order correction (GFOC) method, which improves existing sparse recovery methods by iteratively examining potential improvements to the GIC cost function through replacing elements from the estimated support set with elements from their onehop neighborhood. We conduct simulations that demonstrate that the proposed sparse recovery methods outperform existing methods in terms of support set recovery accuracy, and without a significant computational overhead.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 May 2024
 DOI:
 10.48550/arXiv.2405.10649
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2405.10649
 Bibcode:
 2024arXiv240510649M
 Keywords:

 Electrical Engineering and Systems Science  Signal Processing;
 Electrical Engineering and Systems Science  Systems and Control;
 Mathematics  Optimization and Control
 EPrint:
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