A Beehive Haloscope for Highmass Axion Dark Matter
Abstract
We propose a new haloscope geometry that can arbitrarily increase the resonator volume for a given target axion mass. This geometry consists of closely packed, overlapping coaxial cavities operating as a single resonator. While the resonant frequency is still determined by the dimensions of the individual "cells," the strong interactions between the cells encourage the entire "beehive" to oscillate in phase, a phenomenon expected of tightly coupled harmonic oscillators. This synchronization behavior allows the construction of a singly connected largevolume resonator at high frequency by simply increasing the number of the cells. Using direct numerical simulations, we verify the existence of a global eigenmode that has a high (40%) form factor in a 169element beehive resonator. The resonant frequency of the eigenmode is tunable by moving the center rods laterally in unison. The form factor is very tolerant to dimensional deviations and misalignment, as a result of mode hybridization due to strong coupling. The beehive haloscope inherits many appealing properties from the conventional coaxial cavity: a high quality factor, compatibility with a solenoid magnet, ease of fabrication, tuning, and coupling. We argue that this geometry is an excellent candidate for highmass axion searches covering the postinflationary parameter space (>5 GHz).
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 April 2024
 DOI:
 10.48550/arXiv.2404.06627
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2404.06627
 Bibcode:
 2024arXiv240406627W
 Keywords:

 High Energy Physics  Experiment;
 Physics  Instrumentation and Detectors
 EPrint:
 21 pages, 26 figures