Commutative Width and Depth Scaling in Deep Neural Networks
Abstract
This paper is the second in the series Commutative Scaling of Width and Depth (WD) about commutativity of infinite width and depth limits in deep neural networks. Our aim is to understand the behaviour of neural functions (functions that depend on a neural network model) as width and depth go to infinity (in some sense), and eventually identify settings under which commutativity holds, i.e. the neural function tends to the same limit no matter how width and depth limits are taken. In this paper, we formally introduce and define the commutativity framework, and discuss its implications on neural network design and scaling. We study commutativity for the neural covariance kernel which reflects how network layers separate data. Our findings extend previous results established in [55] by showing that taking the width and depth to infinity in a deep neural network with skip connections, when branches are suitably scaled to avoid exploding behaviour, result in the same covariance structure no matter how that limit is taken. This has a number of theoretical and practical implications that we discuss in the paper. The proof techniques in this paper are novel and rely on tools that are more accessible to readers who are not familiar with stochastic calculus (used in the proofs of WD(I))).
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 October 2023
 DOI:
 10.48550/arXiv.2310.01683
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2310.01683
 Bibcode:
 2023arXiv231001683H
 Keywords:

 Statistics  Machine Learning;
 Computer Science  Machine Learning
 EPrint:
 41 pages, 6 figures. arXiv admin note: substantial text overlap with arXiv:2302.00453