Second-Order Coverage Control for Multi-Agent UAV Photogrammetry
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles equipped with cameras can be used to automate image capture for generating 3D models via photogrammetry. Current methods rely on a single vehicle to capture images sequentially, or use pre-planned and heuristic imaging configurations. We seek to provide a multi-agent control approach to capturing the images required to 3D map a region. A photogrammetry cost function is formulated that captures the importance of sharing feature-dense areas across multiple images for successful photogrammetry reconstruction. A distributed second-order coverage controller is used to minimise this cost and move agents to an imaging configuration. This approach prioritises high quality images that are simultaneously captured, leading to efficient and scalable 3D mapping of a region. We demonstrate our approach with a hardware experiment, generating and comparing 3D reconstructions from image sets captured using our approach to those captured using traditional methods.
- Pub Date:
- January 2023
- Electrical Engineering and Systems Science - Systems and Control
- 8 pages, 4 figures