Statistical analysis of kicked black holes from TNG300 simulation
Abstract
Asymmetric emission of gravitational waves during mergers of black holes (BHs) produces a recoil kick, which can set a newly formed BH on a bound orbit around the centre of its host galaxy, or even completely eject it. To study this population of recoiling BHs we extract properties of galaxies with merging BHs from Illustris TNG300 simulation and then employ both analytical and numerical techniques to model unresolved process of BH recoil. This comparative analysis between analytical and numerical models shows that, on cosmological scales, numerically modelled recoiling BHs have a higher escape probability and predict a greater number of offset active galactic nuclei (AGN). BH escaped probability > 40% is expected in 25 % of merger remnants in numerical models, compared to 8 % in analytical models. At the same time, the predicted number of offset AGN at separations >5 kpc changes from 58 % for numerical models to 3 % for analytical models. Since BH ejections in major merger remnants occur in nonvirialised systems, static analytical models cannot provide an accurate description. Thus we argue that numerical models should be used to estimate the expected number density of escaped BHs and offset AGN.
 Publication:

Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia
 Pub Date:
 September 2023
 DOI:
 10.1017/pasa.2023.45
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2308.04969
 Bibcode:
 2023PASA...40...45S
 Keywords:

 Black hole physics;
 gravitational waves;
 galaxies: interactions;
 methods: numerical;
 Astrophysics  Astrophysics of Galaxies
 EPrint:
 Accepted for publication in PASA