Effective cosmic density field reconstruction with convolutional neural network
Abstract
We present a cosmic density field reconstruction method that augments the traditional reconstruction algorithms with a convolutional neural network (CNN). Following previous work, the key component of our method is to use the reconstructed density field as the input to the neural network. We extend this previous work by exploring how the performance of these reconstruction ideas depends on the input reconstruction algorithm, the reconstruction parameters, and the shot noise of the density field, as well as the robustness of the method. We build an eightlayer CNN and train the network with reconstructed density fields computed from the QUIJOTE suite of simulations. The reconstructed density fields are generated by both the standard algorithm and a new iterative algorithm. In real space at z = 0, we find that the reconstructed field is 90 per cent correlated with the true initial density out to $k\sim 0.5 \, \mathrm{ h}\, \rm {Mpc}^{1}$, a significant improvement over $k\sim 0.2 \, \mathrm{ h}\, \rm {Mpc}^{1}$ achieved by the input reconstruction algorithms. We find similar improvements in redshift space, including an improved removal of redshift space distortions at small scales. We also find that the method is robust across changes in cosmology. Additionally, the CNN removes much of the variance from the choice of different reconstruction algorithms and reconstruction parameters. However, the effectiveness decreases with increasing shot noise, suggesting that such an approach is best suited to high density samples. This work highlights the additional information in the density field beyond linear scales as well as the power of complementing traditional analysis approaches with machine learning techniques.
 Publication:

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
 Pub Date:
 August 2023
 DOI:
 10.1093/mnras/stad1868
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2306.10538
 Bibcode:
 2023MNRAS.523.6272C
 Keywords:

 methods: numerical;
 methods: statistical;
 cosmology: largescale structure of Universe;
 Astrophysics  Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics;
 Astrophysics  Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics
 EPrint:
 10 pages, 8 figures. Matches version accepted for publication in MNRAS