Gap between Lyapunov exponents for Hitchin representations
Abstract
We study Lyapunov exponents for flat bundles over hyperbolic curves defined via parallel transport over the geodesic flow. We consider them as invariants on the space of Hitchin representations and show that there is a gap between any two consecutive Lyapunov exponents. Moreover we characterize the uniformizing representation of the Riemann surface as the one with the extremal gaps. The strategy of the proof is to relate Lyapunov exponents in the case of Anosov representations to other invariants, where the gap result is already available or where we can directly show it. In particular, firstly we relate Lyapunov exponents to a foliated Lyapunov exponent associated to a foliation Hölder isomorphic to the unstable foliation on the unitary tangent bundle of a Riemann surface. Secondly, we relate them to the renormalized intersection product in the setting of the thermodynamic formalism developed by Bridgeman, Canary, Labourie and Sambarino.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 November 2022
 DOI:
 10.48550/arXiv.2211.03651
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2211.03651
 Bibcode:
 2022arXiv221103651C
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Dynamical Systems;
 22E40 (Primary) 37H15 (Secondary)