The detection of coherent X-ray pulsations at ~314 Hz (3.2 ms) classifies MAXI J1957+032 as a fast-rotating, accreting neutron star. We present the temporal and spectral analysis performed using NICER observations collected during the latest outburst of the source. Doppler modulation of the X-ray pulsation revealed the ultra-compact nature of the binary system characterized by an orbital period of ~1 h and a projected semimajor axis of 14 lt-ms. The neutron star binary mass function suggests a minimum donor mass of 1.7 × 10-2 M⊙, assuming a neutron star mass of 1.4 M⊙ and a binary inclination angle lower than 60 deg. This assumption is supported by the lack of eclipses or dips in the X-ray light curve of the source. We characterized the 0.5-10 keV energy spectrum of the source in outburst as the superposition of a relatively cold black-body-like thermal emission compatible with the emission from the neutron star surface and a Comptonization component with photon index consistent with a typical hard state. We did not find evidence for iron K α lines or reflection components.
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
- Pub Date:
- October 2022
- accretion discs;
- Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena;
- Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics
- 5 pages, 4 figures. Accepted for publication in MNRAS