Automatic Synthesis of Diverse Weak Supervision Sources for Behavior Analysis
Obtaining annotations for large training sets is expensive, especially in settings where domain knowledge is required, such as behavior analysis. Weak supervision has been studied to reduce annotation costs by using weak labels from task-specific labeling functions (LFs) to augment ground truth labels. However, domain experts still need to hand-craft different LFs for different tasks, limiting scalability. To reduce expert effort, we present AutoSWAP: a framework for automatically synthesizing data-efficient task-level LFs. The key to our approach is to efficiently represent expert knowledge in a reusable domain-specific language and more general domain-level LFs, with which we use state-of-the-art program synthesis techniques and a small labeled dataset to generate task-level LFs. Additionally, we propose a novel structural diversity cost that allows for efficient synthesis of diverse sets of LFs, further improving AutoSWAP's performance. We evaluate AutoSWAP in three behavior analysis domains and demonstrate that AutoSWAP outperforms existing approaches using only a fraction of the data. Our results suggest that AutoSWAP is an effective way to automatically generate LFs that can significantly reduce expert effort for behavior analysis.
- Pub Date:
- November 2021
- Computer Science - Machine Learning;
- Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
- 8 pages, to appear at CVPR 2022