We show that because the conditions for producing terrestrial microlens parallax (TPRX; i.e., a nearby disk lens) will also tend to produce a large lens-source relative proper motion (μ rel), source proper motion ( μ S) measurements in general provide a strong test of TPRX signals, which Gould & Yee (2013) showed were an important probe of free-floating planet (FFP) candidates. As a case study, we report a single-lens/single-source microlensing event designated as OGLE-2019-BLG-1058. For this event, the short timescale (~2.5 days) and very fast μ rel (~17.6 mas yr-1) suggest that this isolated lens is an FFP candidate located in the disk of our Galaxy. For this event, we find a TPRX signal consistent with a disk FFP, but at low significance. A direct measurement of the μ S shows that the large μ rel is due to an extreme μ S, and thus, the lens is consistent with being a very-low-mass star in the bulge and the TPRX measurement is likely spurious. By contrast, we show how a precise measurement of μ S with the mean properties of the bulge proper motion distribution would have given the opposite result; i.e., provided supporting evidence for an FFP in the disk and the TPRX measurement.
The Astronomical Journal
- Pub Date:
- December 2021
- Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics;
- Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics;
- Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies
- 15 pages, 10 figures, 4 tables, accepted for a publication in the AJ