How to discriminatively vectorize graphs is a fundamental challenge that attracts increasing attentions in recent years. Inspired by the recent success of unsupervised contrastive learning, we aim to learn graph-level representation in an unsupervised manner. Specifically, we propose a novel unsupervised graph learning paradigm called Iterative Graph Self-Distillation (IGSD) which iteratively performs the teacher-student distillation with graph augmentations. Different from conventional knowledge distillation, IGSD constructs the teacher with an exponential moving average of the student model and distills the knowledge of itself. The intuition behind IGSD is to predict the teacher network representation of the graph pairs under different augmented views. As a natural extension, we also apply IGSD to semi-supervised scenarios by jointly regularizing the network with both supervised and unsupervised contrastive loss. Finally, we show that finetuning the IGSD-trained models with self-training can further improve the graph representation power. Empirically, we achieve significant and consistent performance gain on various graph datasets in both unsupervised and semi-supervised settings, which well validates the superiority of IGSD.