Euclidean formulation of relativistic quantum mechanics of N particles
Abstract
A Euclidean formulation of relativistic quantum mechanics for systems of a finite number of degrees of freedom is discussed. Relativistic treatments of quantum theory are needed to study hadronic systems at subhadronic distance scales. While direct interaction approaches to relativistic quantum mechanics have proved to be useful, they have two disadvantages. One is that cluster properties are difficult to realize for systems of more than two particles. The second is that the relation to quantum field theories is indirect. Euclidean formulations of relativistic quantum mechanics provide an alternative representation that does not have these difficulties. More surprising, the theory can be formulated entirely in the Euclidean representation without the need for analytic continuation. In this work a Euclidean representation of a relativistic $N$particle system is discussed. Kernels for systems of N free particles of any spin are given and shown to be reflection positive. Explicit formulas for generators of the Poincaré group for any spin are constructed and shown to be selfadjoint on the Euclidean representation of the Hilbert space. The structure of correlations that preserve both the Euclidean covariance and reflection positivity is discussed.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 October 2020
 DOI:
 10.48550/arXiv.2010.10944
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2010.10944
 Bibcode:
 2020arXiv201010944S
 Keywords:

 Nuclear Theory;
 High Energy Physics  Theory;
 Quantum Physics
 EPrint:
 29 pages. arXiv admin note: substantial text overlap with arXiv:1906.10083