HI scale height in dwarf galaxies
Abstract
Assuming a vertical hydrostatic equilibrium in the baryonic discs, joint Poisson'sBoltzmann equation was set up and solved numerically in a sample of 23 nearby dwarf galaxies from the LITTLETHINGS survey. This is the largest sample to date for which detailed hydrostatic modeling is performed. The solutions of the Poisson'sBoltzmann equation provide a complete threedimensional distribution of the atomic hydrogen (HI) in these galaxies. Using these solutions, we estimate the vertical scale height (defined as the Half Width at Half Maxima (HWHM) of the density distribution) of the HI as a function of radius. We find that the scale height in our sample galaxies varies between a few hundred parsecs at the center to a few kiloparsecs at the edge. These values are significantly higher than what is observed in spiral galaxies. We further estimate the axial ratios to investigate the thickness of the HI discs in dwarf galaxies. For our sample galaxies, we find a median axial ratio to be 0.40, which is much higher than the same observed in the Milky Way. This indicates that the vertical hydrostatic equilibrium results in thicker HI discs in dwarf galaxies naturally.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 May 2020
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2005.05979
 Bibcode:
 2020arXiv200505979N
 Keywords:

 Astrophysics  Astrophysics of Galaxies
 EPrint:
 Accepted for publication in MNRAS on May 12, 2020