The search for primordial gravitational waves in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) will soon be limited by our ability to remove the lensing contamination to B -mode polarization. The often-used quadratic estimator for lensing is known to be suboptimal for surveys that are currently operating and will continue to become less and less efficient as instrumental noise decreases. While foregrounds can, in principle, be mitigated by observing in more frequency bands, progress in delensing hinges entirely on algorithmic advances. We demonstrate here a new inference method that solves this problem by sampling the exact Bayesian posterior of any desired cosmological parameters, of the gravitational lensing potential, and of the delensed CMB maps, given lensed temperature and polarization data. We validate the method using simulated CMB data with nonwhite noise and masking on up to 650 deg2 patches of sky. A unique strength of this approach is the ability to perform joint inference of cosmological parameters, which control both the primordial CMB and the lensing potential, which we demonstrate here for the first time by sampling both the tensor-to-scalar ratio, r , and the amplitude of the lensing potential, Aϕ. The method allows us to perform the most precise check to-date of several important approximations underlying CMB-S4 r forecasting, and we confirm these yield the correct expected uncertainty on r to better than 10%.
Physical Review D
- Pub Date:
- December 2020
- Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics
- 23 pages, 10 figures. An accompanying software package is available at https://www.github.com/marius311/CMBLensing.jl