The product of two independent SuSchriefferHeeger chains yields a twodimensional Chern insulator
Abstract
We provide an extensive look at Bott periodicity in the context of complex gapped topological phases of free fermions. In doing so, we remark on the existence of a product structure in the set of inequivalent phases induced by the external tensor product of vector bundles—a structure which has not yet been explored in condensedmatter literature. Bott periodicity appears in the form of a generalized Dirac monopole built out of a given phase, which is equivalent to the product of a Dirac monopole phase with that same given phase. The complex K theory cohomology ring is presented as a natural way to store the information of these phases, with a grading corresponding to the number of Clifford symmetries modulo 2. The Künneth formula allows us to derive the result that, for band insulators, the SuSchriefferHeeger (SSH) chain in one dimension allows one to generate the K cohomology of the d dimensional Brillouin zone. In particular, we find that the product of two SSH chains in independent momentum directions yields a twodimensional Chern insulator. The results obtained relate the associated topological phases of chargeconserving band insulators and their topological invariants in all spatial dimensions in a unified way.
 Publication:

Physical Review B
 Pub Date:
 October 2020
 DOI:
 10.1103/PhysRevB.102.155150
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2009.02268
 Bibcode:
 2020PhRvB.102o5150M
 Keywords:

 Mathematical Physics;
 Condensed Matter  Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics;
 Quantum Physics
 EPrint:
 18 pages