Stability and evolution of electromagnetic solitons in relativistic degenerate laser plasmas
Abstract
The dynamical behaviours of electromagnetic (EM) solitons formed due to nonlinear interaction of linearly polarized intense laser light and relativistic degenerate plasmas are studied. In the slowmotion approximation of relativistic dynamics, the evolution of weakly nonlinear EM envelope is described by the generalized nonlinear Schrödinger (GNLS) equation with local and nonlocal nonlinearities. Using the VakhitovKolokolov criterion, the stability of an EM soliton solution of the GNLS equation is studied. Different stable and unstable regions are demonstrated with the effects of soliton velocity, soliton eigenfrequency, as well as the degeneracy parameter $R=p_{Fe}/m_ec$, where $p_{Fe}$ is the Fermi momentum and $m_e$ the electron mass and $c$ is the speed of light in vacuum. It is found that the stability region shifts to an unstable one and is significantly reduced as one enters from the regimes of weakly relativistic $(R≪ 1)$ to ultrarelativistic $(R≫ 1)$ degeneracy of electrons. The analytically predicted results are in good agreement with the simulation results of the GNLS equation. It is shown that the standing EM soliton solutions are stable. However, the moving solitons can be stable or unstable depending on the values of soliton velocity, the eigenfrequency or the degeneracy parameter. The latter with strong degeneracy $(R>1)$ can eventually lead to soliton collapse.
 Publication:

Journal of Plasma Physics
 Pub Date:
 December 2020
 DOI:
 10.1017/S0022377820001452
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2005.08565
 Bibcode:
 2020JPlPh..86f9011R
 Keywords:

 plasma nonlinear phenomena;
 plasma waves;
 astrophysical plasmas;
 Physics  Plasma Physics
 EPrint:
 10 pages, 5 figures