Verlinde (2016) has proposed a new modified theory of gravity, Emergent Gravity (EG), as an alternative to dark matter. EG reproduces the Tully-Fisher relationship with no free parameters and agrees with the velocity curves of most massive, spiral galaxies well. In its current form, the theory only applies to isolated, spherically symmetric systems in a dark energy-dominated Universe, and thus can only be tested fairly with such systems. This paper presents a framework for rotation curve tests of EG using isolated dwarf galaxies. Here I extend the EG equations to axisymmetric distributions for the first time. I also perform a preliminary test of the predictions from EG versus the maximum velocity measurements of 452 isolated dwarf galaxies. I find that EG predicts the maximum velocities of these systems somewhat well for galaxies with measured velocities around 100 km/s. EG severely underpredicts the maximum velocities for dwarf galaxies with measured velocities greater than this value and overpredicts for those with measured velocities less than this value. Rotation curves of these isolated dwarf galaxies would provide the definitive test of EG.
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
- Pub Date:
- December 2020
- Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics;
- General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology
- v2: derived the axisymmetric case. conclusions remain unchanged. matches accepted version