We study the dynamics of plasma along the legs of an arch filament system (AFS) from the chromosphere to the photosphere, observed with high-cadence spectroscopic data from two ground-based solar telescopes: the GREGOR telescope (Tenerife) using the GREGOR Infrared Spectrograph in the He I 10830 Å range and the Swedish Solar Telescope (La Palma) using the CRisp Imaging Spectro-Polarimeter to observe the Ca II 8542 Å and Fe I 6173 Å spectral lines. The temporal evolution of the draining of the plasma was followed along the legs of a single arch filament from the chromosphere to the photosphere. The average Doppler velocities inferred at the upper chromosphere from the He I 10830 Å triplet reach velocities up to 20-24 km s-1, and in the lower chromosphere and upper photosphere the Doppler velocities reach up to 11 km s-1 and 1.5 km s-1 in the case of the Ca II 8542 Å and Si I 10827 Å spectral lines, respectively. The evolution of the Doppler velocities at different layers of the solar atmosphere (chromosphere and upper photosphere) shows that they follow the same line-of-sight (LOS) velocity pattern, which confirms the observational evidence that the plasma drains toward the photosphere as proposed in models of AFSs. The Doppler velocity maps inferred from the lower photospheric Ca I 10839 Å or Fe I 6173 Å spectral lines do not show the same LOS velocity pattern. Thus, there is no evidence that the plasma reaches the lower photosphere. The observations and the nonlinear force-free field (NLFFF) extrapolations demonstrate that the magnetic field loops of the AFS rise with time. We found flow asymmetries at different footpoints of the AFS. The NLFFF values of the magnetic field strength help us to explain these flow asymmetries.
The Astrophysical Journal
- Pub Date:
- February 2020
- Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
- Accepted for publication in The Astrophysical Journal, 9 pages, 4 figures