Statistical deprojection of intervelocities, interdistances, and masses in the Isolated Galaxy Pair Catalog
Abstract
Aims: In order to study the internal dynamics of actual galaxy pairs, we need to derive the probability distribution function (PDF) of true 3D, orbital intervelocities and interdistances between pair members from their observed projected values along with the pair masses from Kepler's third law. For this research, we used 13 114 pairs from the Isolated Galaxy Pair Catalog (IGPC).
Methods: The algorithms of statistical deprojection previously elaborated were applied to these observational data. We derived the orbital velocity PDFs for the whole catalog and for several selected subsamples. The interdistance PDF is deprojected and compared to the analytical profiles expected from semitheoretical arguments.
Results: The PDF of deprojected pair orbital velocities is characterized by the existence of a main probability peak around ≈150 km s^{1} for all subsamples of the IGPC as well as for the Uppsala Galaxy Pair Catalog. The interdistance PDFs of both the projected and deprojected data are described at large distances by the same power law with exponent ≈  2. The whole distributions, including their cores, are fairly fitted by King profiles. The mass deprojection yields a mass/luminosity ratio for the pairs of M/L = (30 ± 5) in solar units.
Conclusions: The orbital velocity probability peak is observed at the same value, ≈150 km s^{1}, as the main exoplanet velocity peak, which points toward a possible universality of Keplerian structures, whatever the scale. The pair M/L ratio is just seven times the standard ratio for luminous matter, which does not require the existence of nonbaryonic dark matter in these systems.
 Publication:

Astronomy and Astrophysics
 Pub Date:
 September 2020
 DOI:
 10.1051/00046361/202037940
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2003.05940
 Bibcode:
 2020A&A...641A.115N
 Keywords:

 catalogs;
 galaxies: groups: general;
 galaxies: statistics;
 Astrophysics  Astrophysics of Galaxies
 EPrint:
 24 pages, 19 figures, submitted for publication