Estimating the population mean for a vertical profile of energy dissipation rate
Abstract
Energy dissipation rates are an important characteristic of turbulence; however, their magnitude in observational profiles can be incorrectly determined owing to their irregular appearance during vertical evolution. By analysing the data obtained from oceanic turbulence measurements, we demonstrate that the vertical sequences of energy dissipation rates exhibit a scaling property. Utilising this property, we propose a method to estimate the population mean for a profile. For scaling in the observed profiles, we demonstrate that our data exhibit a statistical property consistent with that exhibited by the universal multifractal model. Meanwhile, the population mean and its uncertainty can be estimated by inverting the probability distribution obtained by Monte Carlo simulations of a cascade model; to this end, observational constraints from several moments are imposed over each vertical sequence. This approach enables us to determine, to some extent, whether a profile shows an occasionally large mean or whether the population mean itself is large. Thus, it will contribute to the refinement of the regional estimation of the ocean energy budget, where only a small amount of turbulence observation data is available.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 November 2019
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1912.00307
 Bibcode:
 2019arXiv191200307S
 Keywords:

 Physics  Geophysics;
 Physics  Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics;
 Physics  Data Analysis;
 Statistics and Probability
 EPrint:
 18 pages, 14 figures