Euclid is a space telescope currently developed in the framework of the ESA Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 Program. It addresses fundamental cosmological questions related to dark matter and dark energy. The lens system of one of the two scientific key instruments [a combined near-infrared spectrometer and photometer (NISP)] was designed, built-up and tested at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics (MPE). We present the final imaging quality of this diffraction-limited optical assembly with two complementary approaches, namely a point-spread function- and a Shack- Hartmann sensor-based wavefront measurement. The tests are performed under space operating conditions within a cryostat. The large field of view of Euclid's wide-angle objective is sampled with a pivot arm, carrying a measurement telescope and the sensors. A sequence of highly accurate movements to several field positions is carried out by a large computer controlled hexapod. Both measurement approaches are compared among one another and with the corresponding simulations. They demonstrate in good agreement a solely diffraction limited optical performance over the entire field of view.
Astronomical Optics: Design, Manufacture, and Test of Space and Ground Systems II
- Pub Date:
- September 2019
- Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics;
- Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors;
- Physics - Optics
- Proc. SPIE 11116-31, Optics + Photonics (2019)