Cosmology of surviving Horndeski theory: The road ahead
Abstract
In the context of the effective field theory of dark energy (EFT) we perform agnostic explorations of Horndeski gravity. We choose two parametrizations for the free EFT functions, namely, a power law and a dark energy densitylike behavior on a nontrivial ChevallierPolarskiLinder background. We restrict our analysis to those EFT functions which do not modify the speed of propagation of gravitational waves. Among those, we prove that one specific function cannot be constrained by data since its contribution to the observables is below the cosmic variance, although we show it has a relevant role in defining the viable parameter space. We place constraints on the parameters of these models by combining measurements from presentday cosmological data sets, and we prove that the nextgeneration galaxy surveys can improve such constraints by 1 order of magnitude. We then prove the validity of the quasistatic limit within the sound horizon of the dark field, by looking at the phenomenological functions μ and Σ , associated, respectively, with clustering and lensing potentials. Furthermore, we notice up to 5% deviations in μ , Σ with respect to general relativity at scales smaller than the Compton one. For the chosen parametrizations and in the quasistatic limit, future constraints on μ and Σ can reach the 1% level and will allow us to discriminate between certain models at more than 3 σ , provided the present bestfit values remain.
 Publication:

Physical Review D
 Pub Date:
 March 2019
 DOI:
 10.1103/PhysRevD.99.063538
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1810.10521
 Bibcode:
 2019PhRvD..99f3538F
 Keywords:

 Astrophysics  Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics
 EPrint:
 12 pages, 8 figures