Characterizations of prethermal states in periodically driven manybody systems with unbounded chaotic diffusion
Abstract
We introduce welldefined characterizations of prethermal states in realistic periodically driven manybody systems with unbounded chaotic diffusion of the kinetic energy. These systems, interacting arrays of periodically kicked rotors, are paradigmatic models of manybody chaos theory. We show that the prethermal states in these systems are well described by a generalized Gibbs ensemble based essentially on the average Hamiltonian. The latter is the quasiconserved quantity in the prethermal state and the ensemble is characterized by the temperature of the state. An explicit exact expression for this temperature is derived. Using also arguments based on chaos theory, we demonstrate that the lifetime of the prethermal state is exponentially long in the inverse of the temperature, in units of the driving frequency squared. Our analytical results, in particular those for the temperature and the lifetime of the prethermal state, agree well with numerical observations.
 Publication:

Physical Review B
 Pub Date:
 September 2019
 DOI:
 10.1103/PhysRevB.100.100302
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1905.00031
 Bibcode:
 2019PhRvB.100j0302R
 Keywords:

 Condensed Matter  Statistical Mechanics;
 Condensed Matter  Quantum Gases;
 Nonlinear Sciences  Chaotic Dynamics
 EPrint:
 5 pages. Accepted PRB Rapid Communication