Simulation of the multiphase configuration and phase transitions with quantum walks utilizing a stepdependent coin
Abstract
Quantum walks are versatile simulators of topological phases and phase transitions as observed in condensedmatter physics. Here, we utilize a stepdependent coin in quantum walks and investigate what topological phases we can simulate with it, their topological invariants, bound states, and possibility of phase transitions. These quantum walks simulate nontrivial phases characterized by topological invariants (winding number) ±1 , which are similar to the ones observed in topological insulators and polyacetylene. We confirm that the number of phases and their corresponding bound states increase step dependently. In contrast, the size of topological phase and distance between two bound states are decreasing functions of steps resulting into formation of multiple phases as quantum walks proceed (multiphase configuration). We show that, in the bound states, the winding number and group velocity are ill defined and the second moment of the probability density distribution in position space undergoes an abrupt change. Therefore, there are phase transitions taking place over the bound states and between two topological phases with different winding numbers.
 Publication:

Physical Review A
 Pub Date:
 December 2019
 DOI:
 10.1103/PhysRevA.100.062115
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1910.02949
 Bibcode:
 2019PhRvA.100f2115P
 Keywords:

 Quantum Physics
 EPrint:
 9 pages, 4 figures