Millimeter wave (mmWave) communication links for 5G cellular technology require high beamforming gain to overcome channel impairments and achieve high throughput. While much work has focused on estimating mmWave channels and designing beamforming schemes, the time dynamic nature of mmWave channels quickly renders estimates stale and increases sounding overhead. We model the underlying time dynamic state space of mmWave channels and design sounding beamformers suitable for tracking in a Kalman filtering framework. Given an initial channel estimate, filtering efficiently leads to refined estimates and allows forward prediction for higher sustained beamforming gain during data transmission. From tracked prior channel estimates, adaptively chosen optimal and constrained suboptimal beams reduce sounding overhead while minimizing estimation error.
IEEE Signal Processing Letters
- Pub Date:
- November 2019
- Electrical Engineering and Systems Science - Signal Processing;
- Computer Science - Information Theory
- Submitted to IEEE Signal Processing Letters