We consider detection based on deep learning, and show it is possible to train detectors that perform well without any knowledge of the underlying channel models. Moreover, when the channel model is known, we demonstrate that it is possible to train detectors that do not require channel state information (CSI). In particular, a technique we call a sliding bidirectional recurrent neural network (SBRNN) is proposed for detection where, after training, the detector estimates the data in real-time as the signal stream arrives at the receiver. We evaluate this algorithm, as well as other neural network (NN) architectures, using the Poisson channel model, which is applicable to both optical and molecular communication systems. In addition, we also evaluate the performance of this detection method applied to data sent over a molecular communication platform, where the channel model is difficult to model analytically. We show that SBRNN is computationally efficient, and can perform detection under various channel conditions without knowing the underlying channel model. We also demonstrate that the bit error rate (BER) performance of the proposed SBRNN detector is better than that of a Viterbi detector with imperfect CSI as well as that of other NN detectors that have been previously proposed. Finally, we show that the SBRNN can perform well in rapidly changing channels, where the coherence time is on the order of a single symbol duration.
IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
- Pub Date:
- November 2018
- Electrical Engineering and Systems Science - Signal Processing;
- Computer Science - Information Theory;
- Computer Science - Machine Learning
- Accepted for publication in IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing