We present a pilot study on the nearby massive barred galaxy NGC 1291, in which we use dynamical modelling to constrain the disc mass-to-light ratio (M/L), thus breaking the degeneracy between the baryonic and dark matter in its central regions. We use the gas, specifically the morphology of the dust lanes on the leading side of the bar, as a tracer of the underlying gravitational potential. We run a large number of hydrodynamic gas response simulations, in potentials obtained directly from near-infrared images of the galaxy, which have three free parameters: the M/L, the bar pattern speed and the height function. We explore the three-dimensional parameter space, by comparing the morphology of the shocks created in the gas response simulations with those of the observed dust lanes, and find the best-fitting models; these suggest that the M/L of NGC 1291 agrees with that predicted by stellar population synthesis models in the near-infrared (≈0.6 M⊙/L⊙), which leads to a borderline maximum disc for this galaxy. Furthermore, we find that the bar rotates fast, with a corotation radius that is ≤1.4 times the bar length.
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
- Pub Date:
- April 2017
- galaxies: kinematics and dynamics;
- dark matter;
- Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies
- 16 pages including Appendix, 14 figures. Accepted for publication in MNRAS