Universality of the nodal length of bivariate random trigonometric polynomials
Abstract
We consider random trigonometric polynomials of the form \[ f_n(x,y)=\sum_{1\le k,l \le n} a_{k,l} \cos(kx) \cos(ly), \] where the entries $(a_{k,l})_{k,l\ge 1}$ are i.i.d. random variables that are centered with unit variance. We investigate the length $\ell_K(f_n)$ of the nodal set $Z_K(f_n)$ of the zeros of $f_n$ that belong to a compact set $K \subset \mathbb R^2$. We first establish a local universality result, namely we prove that, as $n$ goes to infinity, the sequence of random variables $n\, \ell_{K/n}(f_n)$ converges in distribution to a universal limit which does not depend on the particular law of the entries. We then show that at a macroscopic scale, the expectation of $\ell_{[0,\pi]^2}(f_n)/n$ also converges to an universal limit. Our approach provides two main byproducts: (i) a general result regarding the continuity of the volume of the nodal sets with respect to $C^1$convergence which refines previous findings of Rusakov et al., Iksanov et al. and Azaïs et al., and (ii) a new strategy for proving small ball estimates in random trigonometric models, providing in turn uniform local controls of the nodal volumes.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 October 2016
 DOI:
 10.48550/arXiv.1610.05360
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1610.05360
 Bibcode:
 2016arXiv161005360A
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Probability;
 26C10;
 30C15;
 42A05;
 60F99;
 60G15
 EPrint:
 28 pages, 6 figures