Improved estimate of the cross section for inverse beta decay
Abstract
The hypothesis of the conserved vector current, relating the vector weak and isovector electromagnetic currents, plays a fundamental role in quantitative description of neutrino interactions. Despite being experimentally confirmed with great precision, it is not fully implemented in existing calculations of the cross section for inverse beta decay, the dominant mechanism of antineutrino scattering at energies below a few tens of MeV. In this article, I estimate the corresponding cross section and its uncertainty, ensuring conservation of the vector current. While converging to previous calculations at energies of several MeV, the obtained result is appreciably lower and predicts more directional positron production near the reaction threshold. These findings suggest that in the current estimate of the flux of geologically produced antineutrinos the 232Th and 238U components may be underestimated by 6.1 and 3.7%, respectively. The proposed search for light sterile neutrinos using a 144Ce144Pr source is predicted to collect the total event rate lower by 3% than previously estimated and to observe a spectral distortion that could be misinterpreted as an oscillation signal. In reactorantineutrino experiments, together with a reevaluation of the positron spectra, the predicted event rate should be reduced by 0.9%, diminishing the size of the reported anomaly.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 January 2016
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1601.06169
 Bibcode:
 2016arXiv160106169A
 Keywords:

 High Energy Physics  Phenomenology;
 High Energy Physics  Experiment;
 Physics  Geophysics
 EPrint:
 5 pages, 1 figure