We present radio continuum light curves of the magnetar PSR J1745-2900 located ~3 arcseconds from Sgr A*, as well as light curves of Sgr A*, obtained with multi-epoch VLA observations between 2012 and 2014. During this period, a powerful X-ray outburst from SGR J1745-2900 occurred on 2013-04-24. Enhanced radio emission is delayed with respect to the X-ray peak by about seven months. In addition, the flux density of the emission from the magnetar fluctuates by a factor of 2 to 4 at frequencies between 21 and 41 GHz, and its spectral index varies erratically. As for Sgr A*, monitoring data shows a constant flux density and spectral index during this period, in spite of the variability of Sgr A* expected to be induced by the passage of the G2 cloud. We argue that the excess fluctuating emission from the magnetar arises from the interaction of a shock generated from the X-ray outburst with the orbiting ionized gas at the Galactic center. This continuum emission is in addition to pulsed emission from the pulsar. In this picture, variable synchrotron emission is produced by ram pressure variations due to inhomogeneities in the dense ionized medium of the Sgr A West bar. The pulsar, with its high transverse velocity, is moving through a highly blue-shifted ionized medium. This implies that the magnetar is at a projected distance of ~0.1 pc from Sgr A*, and that the orbiting ionized gas is at least partially responsible for a large rotation measure detected toward the magnetar.
American Astronomical Society Meeting Abstracts #227
- Pub Date:
- January 2016