Stochastic analysis of the time evolution of LaminarTurbulent bands of plane Couette flow
Abstract
This article is concerned with the time evolution of the oblique laminarturbulent bands of transitional plane Couette flow under the influence of turbulent noise. Our study is focused on the amplitude of modulation of turbulence. In order to guide the numerical study of the flow, we first perform an analytical and numerical analysis of a Stochastic GinzburgLandau equation for a complex order parameter. The modulus of this order parameter models the amplitude of modulation of turbulence. Firstly, we compute the autocorrelation function of said modulus once the band is established. Secondly, we perform a calculation of average and fluctuations around the exponential growth of the order parameter. This type of analysis is similar to the Stochastic Structural Stability Theory. We then perform numerical simulations of the NavierStokes equations in order to confront these predictions with the actual behaviour of the bands. Computation of the autocorrelation function of the modulation of turbulence shows quantitative agreement with the model: in the established band regime, the amplitude of modulation follows an OrnsteinUhlenbeck process. In order to test the S3T predictions, we perform quench experiments, sudden decreases of the Reynolds number from uniform turbulence, in which modulation appears. We compute the average evolution of the amplitude of modulation and the fluctuations around it. We find good agreement between numerics and modeling. The average trajectory grows exponentially, at a rate clearly smaller than that of the formation of laminar holes. The actual time evolution remains in a flaring envelope, centred on the average, and expanding at the same rate. These results provide further validation of the stochastic modeling for the time evolution of the bands for further studies. They stress on the difference between the oblique band formation and the formation of laminar holes.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 November 2015
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1511.01476
 Bibcode:
 2015arXiv151101476R
 Keywords:

 Physics  Fluid Dynamics;
 Condensed Matter  Statistical Mechanics;
 Nonlinear Sciences  Pattern Formation and Solitons
 EPrint:
 17 pages, 6 figures. Followed by a Graphical abstract summarising the article. Accepted for publication in Eur. Phys. J E (last submitted version)