On the class of caustic on the moduli space of odd spin curves
Abstract
Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve of genus $g\geq 3$ and let $\eta$ be an odd theta characteristic on it such that $h^0(C,\eta) = 1$. Pick a point $p$ from the support of $\eta$ and consider the onedimensional linear system $\eta + p$. In general this linear system is basepoint free and all its ramification points (i.e. ramification points of the corresponding branched cover $C\to\mathbb P^1\simeq \mathbb PH^0(C,\eta+p)$) are simple. We study the locus in the moduli space of odd spin curves where the linear system $\eta + p$ fails to have this general behavior. This locus splits into a union of three divisors: the first divisor corresponds to the case when $\eta+p$ has a base point, the second one corresponds to theta characteristics which are not reduced at $p$ (and therefore $\eta + p$ must have a triple point at $p$) and the third one corresponds to the case when $\eta + p$ has a triple point different from $p$. The second divisor was studied by G. Farkas and A. Verra in\cite{FARo} where its expansion in the rational Picard group was used to prove that the moduli space of odd spin curves is of general type for genus at least $12$. We call the first divisor a Base Point divisor and the third one a Caustic divisor (following Arnold terminology for Hurwitz spases). The objective of this paper is to expand these two divisors via the set of standard generators in the rational Picard group of the moduli space of odd spin curves.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 September 2015
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1509.02359
 Bibcode:
 2015arXiv150902359B
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Algebraic Geometry