Tailoring the magnetostructural transition and magnetocaloric properties around room temperature: In-doped Ni-Mn-Ga alloys
Some off-stoichiometric Ni-Mn-Ga alloys undergo a coupled magnetostructural transition from ferromagnetic martensite to paramagnetic austenite, giving rise to the large magnetocaloric effect. However, the magnetostructural transitions of Ni-Mn-Ga alloys generally take place at temperatures higher than room temperature. Here, we report that by the partial substitution of In for Ga, the paramagnetic austenite phase is well stabilized, and the magnetostructural transition can be tailored around room temperature. Sizable magnetic entropy change and adiabatic temperature change were induced by magnetic field change in the vicinity of the magnetostructural transition of the In-doped Ni-Mn-Ga alloys.