Uselessness for an Oracle Model with Internal Randomness
Abstract
We consider a generalization of the standard oracle model in which the oracle acts on the target with a permutation selected according to internal random coins. We describe several problems that are impossible to solve classically but can be solved by a quantum algorithm using a single query; we show that such infinityvsone separations between classical and quantum query complexities can be constructed from much weaker separations. We also give conditions to determine when oracle problemseither in the standard model, or in any of the generalizations we considercannot be solved with success probability better than random guessing would achieve. In the oracle model with internal randomness where the goal is to gain any nonzero advantage over guessing, we prove (roughly speaking) that $k$ quantum queries are equivalent in power to $2k$ classical queries, thus extending results of Meyer and Pommersheim.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 November 2011
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1111.1462
 Bibcode:
 2011arXiv1111.1462H
 Keywords:

 Quantum Physics;
 Computer Science  Computational Complexity
 EPrint:
 18 pages. v2. shortened, presentation improved, same results