Internal object actions in homological categories
Abstract
Let $G$ and $A$ be objects of a finitely cocomplete homological category $\mathbb C$. We define a notion of an (internal) action of $G$ of $A$ which is functorially equivalent with a point in $\mathbb C$ over $G$, i.e. a split extension in $\mathbb C$ with kernel $A$ and cokernel $G$. This notion and its study are based on a preliminary investigation of crosseffects of functors in a general categorical context. These also allow us to define higher categorical commutators. We show that any proper subobject of an object $E$ (i.e., a kernel of some map on $E$ in $\mathbb C$) admits a "conjugation" action of $E$, generalizing the conjugation action of $E$ on itself defined by Bourn and Janelidze. If $\mathbb C$ is semiabelian, we show that for subobjects $X$, $Y$ of some object $A$, $X$ is proper in the supremum of $X$ and $Y$ if and only if $X$ is stable under the restriction to $Y$ of the conjugation action of $A$ on itself. This amounts to an elementary proof of Bourn and Janelidze's functorial equivalence between points over $G$ in $\mathbb C$ and algebras over a certain monad $\mathbb T_G$ on $\mathbb C$. The two axioms of such an algebra can be replaced by three others, in terms of crosseffects, two of which generalize the usual properties of an action of one group on another.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 February 2010
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1003.0096
 Bibcode:
 2010arXiv1003.0096H
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Category Theory;
 Mathematics  Group Theory;
 18A05 (Primary);
 18A20;
 18A22 (Secondary)
 EPrint:
 29 pages