Catalan solids derived from threedimensionalroot systems and quaternions
Abstract
Catalan solids are the duals of the Archimedean solids, the vertices of which can be obtained from the CoxeterDynkin diagrams A_{3}, B_{3}, and H_{3} whose simple roots can be represented by quaternions. The respective Weyl groups W(A_{3}), W(B_{3}), and W(H_{3}) acting on the highest weights generate the orbits corresponding to the solids possessing these symmetries. Vertices of the Platonic and Archimedean solids result from the orbits derived from fundamental weights. The Platonic solids are dual to each other; however, the duals of the Archimedean solids are the Catalan solids whose vertices can be written as the union of the orbits, up to some scale factors, obtained by applying the above Weyl groups on the fundamental highest weights (100), (010), and (011) for each diagram. The faces are represented by the orbits derived from the weights (010), (110), (101), (011), and (111), which correspond to the vertices of the Archimedean solids. Representations of the Weyl groups W(A_{3}), W(B_{3}), and W(H_{3}) by the quaternions simplify the calculations with no reference to the computer calculations.
 Publication:

Journal of Mathematical Physics
 Pub Date:
 April 2010
 DOI:
 10.1063/1.3356985
 arXiv:
 arXiv:0908.3272
 Bibcode:
 2010JMP....51d3501K
 Keywords:

 geometry;
 group theory;
 solid modelling;
 02.40.k;
 02.20.a;
 Geometry differential geometry and topology;
 Group theory;
 Mathematical Physics
 EPrint:
 20 pages, 11 Figures