Effect of the Earth's TimeRetarded Transverse Gravitational Field on Spacecraft Flybys
Abstract
In 2008 a group of NASA scientists reported an anomalous change in the speed of six spacecraft flybys of the Earth. The reported speed change for the NEAR spacecraft flyby is 13.46+0.01 mm/s. It is known that general relativity theory reduces to classical timeretarded electromagnetic field theory in the linearized approximation. This report shows that timeretarded field theory applied to the Earth's transverse gravitational field gives rise to a small change in the speed of a spacecraft during a flyby. The speed change depends on the time dependence of the transverse gravitational field, which generates an induction field that is proportional to the time derivative of the transverse gravitational field. If the corresponding speed for the induction field is set equal to (4.130+0.003) times the Earth's equatorial rotational surface speed, and the speed of the Earth's gravitational field is set equal to (1.060+0.001) times the vacuum speed of light, the calculated value for the speed change for the NEAR flyby agrees exactly with the observed value. Similar results are found for the remaining five flybys.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 April 2009
 DOI:
 10.48550/arXiv.0904.0383
 arXiv:
 arXiv:0904.0383
 Bibcode:
 2009arXiv0904.0383H
 Keywords:

 Physics  General Physics;
 General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology
 EPrint:
 46 pages, 10 figures, version 3 reformulates the time retarded theory and produces improved results