Local effects of cosmological variations in physical "constants" and scalar fields. I. Spherically symmetric spacetimes
Abstract
We apply the method of matched asymptotic expansions to analyze whether cosmological variations in physical “constants” and scalar fields are detectable, locally, on the surface of local gravitationally bound systems such as planets and stars, or inside virialized systems like galaxies and clusters. We assume spherical symmetry and derive a sufficient condition for the local time variation of the scalar fields that drive varying constants to track the cosmological one. We calculate a number of specific examples in detail by matching the Schwarzschild spacetime to spherically symmetric inhomogeneous TolmanBondi metrics in an intermediate region by rigorously constructing matched asymptotic expansions on cosmological and local astronomical scales which overlap in an intermediate domain. We conclude that, independent of the details of the scalarfield theory describing the varying constant, the condition for cosmological variations to be measured locally is almost always satisfied in physically realistic situations. The proof of this statement provides a rigorous justification for using terrestrial experiments and solar system observations to constrain or detect any cosmological time variations in the traditional constants of nature.
 Publication:

Physical Review D
 Pub Date:
 June 2006
 DOI:
 10.1103/PhysRevD.73.123505
 arXiv:
 arXiv:grqc/0512022
 Bibcode:
 2006PhRvD..73l3505S
 Keywords:

 98.80.Es;
 98.80.Bp;
 98.80.Cq;
 Observational cosmology;
 Origin and formation of the Universe;
 Particletheory and fieldtheory models of the early Universe;
 General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology;
 Astrophysics;
 High Energy Physics  Theory
 EPrint:
 30 pages, 3 figures