Observational constraints on cosmic strings: Bayesian analysis in a three-dimensional parameter space
Current data exclude cosmic strings as the primary source of primordial density fluctuations. However, in a wide class of inflationary models, strings can form at later stages of inflation and have potentially detectable observational signatures. We study the constraints from WMAP and SDSS data on the fraction of primordial fluctuations sourced by local cosmic strings. The Bayesian analysis presented in this brief report is restricted to the minimal number of parameters. Yet it is useful for two reasons. It confirms the results of an earlier study which used an alternative statistical method. Secondly, it justifies the more costly multi-parameter analysis. Already, varying only three parameters—the spectral index and the amplitudes of the adiabatic and string contributions—we find that the upper bound on the cosmic string contribution is of order 10%. We expect that the full multi-parameter study, currently underway, will likely loosen this bound.
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
- Pub Date:
- September 2004
- General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology;
- High Energy Physics - Theory
- v3: 4 pages, 5 figures, slight modifications to match published version