There has been considerable recent interest in low-temperature interrogation of quantum helium nanodroplets. We consider the interaction of helium ground and metastable states, employing the best known molecular dimer potentials. Radiative transitions between different metastable rovibrational levels are compared with the discharge emission transition lines and good agreement is found. Collisional interactions between helium ground and metastable atoms are studied and elastic scattering, metastability excitation transfer and diffusion cross sections and rate coefficients are calculated at ultralow energies. The integral elastic cross section at ultralow energies is about 5000 Å2. Effect of shape resonances that form in the potential barriers, on the cross sections is investigated. We find that some shape resonances live for longer than 100 s. Long-range potential wells could support ``shelf'' levels. We discuss their collisional and spectroscopic properties.
Physical Review A
- Pub Date:
- June 2002
- Scattering of atoms and molecules;
- Potential energy surfaces for collisions;
- Potential energy surfaces for excited electronic states;
- Interatomic and intermolecular potentials and forces potential energy surfaces for collisions