We present an economical theory of natural electroweak symmetry breaking, generalizing an approach based on deconstruction. This theory is the smallest extension of the Standard Model to date that stabilizes the electroweak scale with a naturally light Higgs and weakly coupled new physics at TeV energies. The Higgs is one of a set of pseudo Goldstone bosons in an SU(5)/SO(5) nonlinear sigma model. The symmetry breaking scale f is around a TeV, with the cutoff Λlesssim4πf ~ 10 TeV. A single electroweak doublet, the `little Higgs', is automatically much lighter than the other pseudo Goldstone bosons. The quartic self-coupling for the little Higgs is generated by the gauge and Yukawa interactions with a natural size Script O(g2, λt2), while the top Yukawa coupling generates a negative mass squared triggering electroweak symmetry breaking. Beneath the TeV scale the effective theory is simply the minimal Standard Model. The new particle content at TeV energies consists of one set of spin one bosons with the same quantum numbers as the electroweak gauge bosons, an electroweak singlet quark with charge 2/3, and an electroweak triplet scalar. One loop quadratically divergent corrections to the Higgs mass are cancelled by interactions with these additional particles.
Journal of High Energy Physics
- Pub Date:
- July 2002
- High Energy Physics - Phenomenology;
- High Energy Physics - Theory
- 15 pages. References added. Corrected typos in the discussion of the top Yukawa coupling