A revised model for the density and thermal expansivity of K2O-Na2O-CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 liquids from 700 to 1900 K: extension to crustal magmatic temperatures
A revised model for the volume and thermal expansivity of K2O-Na2O-CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 liquids, which can be applied at crustal magmatic temperatures, has been derived from new low temperature (701-1092K) density measurements on sixteen supercooled liquids, for which high temperature (1421-1896K) liquid density data are available. These data were combined with similar measurements previously performed by the present author on eight sodium aluminosilicate samples, for which high temperature density measurements are also available. Compositions (in mol%) range from 37 to 75% SiO2, 0 to 27% Al2O3, 0 to 38% MgO, 0 to 43% CaO, 0 to 33% Na2O and 0 to 29% K2O. The strategy employed for the low temperature density measurements is based on the assumption that the volume of a glass is equal to that of the liquid at the limiting fictive temperature, Tf'. The volume of the glass and liquid at Tf' was obtained from the glass density at 298K and the glass thermal expansion coefficient from 298K to Tf'. The low temperature volume data were combined with the existing high temperature measurements to derive a constant thermal expansivity of each liquid over a wide temperature interval (767-1127 degrees) with a fitted 1 error of 0.5 to 5.7%. Calibration of a linear model equation leads to fitted values of Vi+/-1 (cc/mol) at 1373K for SiO2 (26.86 +/- 0.03), Al2O3 (37.42+/-0.09), MgO (10.71+/-0.08), CaO (15.41+/-0.06), Na2O (26.57+/-0.06), K2O (42.45 +/- 0.09), and fitted values of dVi/dT (10-3cc/mol-K) for MgO (3.27+/-0.17), CaO (3.74+/-0.12), Na2O (7.68+/-0.10) and K2O (12.08+/-0.20). The results indicate that neither SiO2 nor Al2O3 contribute to the thermal expansivity of the liquids, and that dV/dTliq is independent of temperature between 701 and 1896K over a wide range of composition. Between 59 and 78% of the thermal expansivity of the experimental liquids is derived from configurational (vs vibrational) contributions. Measured volumes and thermal expansivities can be recovered with this model with a standard deviation of 0.25% and 5.7%, respectively.