The role of crack formation in chevronnotched fourpoint bend specimens
Abstract
The failure sequence following crack formation in a chevronnotched fourpoint bend 1 specimen is examined in a parametric study using the Bluhm slice synthesis model. Premature failure resulting from crack formation forces which exceed those required to propagate a crack beyond alpha (min) is examined together with the critical crack length and critical crack front length. An energy based approach is used to establish factors which forecast the tendency of such premature failure due to crack formation for any selected chevronnotched geometry. A comparative study reveals that, for constant values of alpha (1) and alpha (0), the dimensionless beam compliance and stress intensity factor are essentially independent of specimen width and thickness. The chevron tip position, alpha (0) has its primary effect on the force required to initiate a sharp crack. Small values for alpha (0) maximize the stable region length, however, the premature failure tendency is also high for smaller alpha (0) values. Improvements in premature failure resistance can be realized for larger values of alpha (0) with only a minor reduction in the stable region length. The stable region length is also maximized for larger chevron based positions, alpha (1) but the chance for premature failure is also raised. Smaller base positions improve the premature failure resistance with only minor decreases in the stable region length. Chevron geometries having a good balance of premature failure resistance, stable region length, and crack front length are 0.20 less than or equal to alpha (0) is less than or equal to 0.30 and 0.70 is less than or equal to alpha (1) is less than or equal to 0.80.
 Publication:

NASA STI/Recon Technical Report N
 Pub Date:
 August 1994
 Bibcode:
 1994STIN...9511865C
 Keywords:

 Crack Initiation;
 Crack Propagation;
 Dimensionless Numbers;
 Forecasting;
 Stability;
 Stress Intensity Factors;
 Thickness;
 Failure;
 Length;
 Structural Mechanics