Limitations and Tolerances in Optical Devices
The performance of optical systems is limited by the imperfections of their components. Many of the devices in optical systems including optical fiber amplifiers, multimode transmission lines and multilayered media such as mirrors, windows and filters, are modeled by coupled line equations. This investigation includes: (i) a study of the limitations imposed on a wavelength multiplexed unidirectional ring by the non-uniformities of the gain spectra of Erbium-doped optical fiber amplifiers. We find numerical solutions for non-linear coupled power differential equations and use these solutions to compare the signal -to-noise ratios and signal levels at different nodes. (ii) An analytical study of the tolerances of imperfect multimode media which support forward traveling modes. The complex mode amplitudes are related by linear coupled differential equations. We use analytical methods to derive extended equations for the expected mode powers and give heuristic limits for their regions of validity. These results compare favorably to exact solutions found for a special case. (iii) A study of the tolerances of multilayered media in the presence of optical thickness imperfections. We use analytical methods including Kronecker producers, to calculate the reflection and transmission statistics of the media. Monte Carlo simulations compare well to our analytical method.
- Pub Date:
- OPTICAL FIBER AMPLIFIER;
- MULTIMODE TRANSMISSION LINES;
- Engineering: Electronics and Electrical; Physics: Optics