A Statistical Equilibrium Analysis of Interstellar CO toward zeta Ophiuchi as Recorded by the Goddard High Resolution Spectrograph
Abstract
Highresolution and high signaltonoise ratio echelle observations made by the Goddard High Resolution Spectrograph (GHRS), aboard the Hubble Space Telescope, of molecular (12)C(16)O and (13)C(16)O in the absorbing gas toward zeta Oph are reported. A statistical equilibrium model, incorporating a different way of dealing with the radiation field in the interstellar clouds, is presented. Based upon previous observations, two velocity components of the gas at V_{LSR} =  0.79 and 0.39 km/s, corresponding to solar velocity = 14.6 and 13.4 km/s, together with three different sets of velocity dispersions are adopted in our models. The ratios of the computed emergent intensities (I_{em}) resulting from the emission lines in the lowest transitions (J = 1 goes to 0, 2 goes to 1, 3 goes to 2) of ground state of CO are presented. The ratios for the two velocity components, (I_{em}(1 goes to 0)_{1})/(I_{em}(1 goes to 0)_{2}), and (I_{em}(2 goes to 1)_{1})/I_{em}(1 goes to 0)_{1}) are comparable to the observed corrected antenna temperature ratios. From the solutions to the statistical equilibrium equations including the six lowest rotational transitions of CO and from multiple Voigt profile fits, the observed (12)CO and (13)CO UV abroption features are successfully reproduced. Profile fitting and double cloud curveofgrowth analysis using the GHRS and Copernicus data indicate that the abundance of CO is (1.8 +/ 0.2) x 10^{15}/sq cm. The most recently measured wavelength of the (6 goes to 0) (13)CO band by Haridass & Huber (R(0) = 1370.616 A) shows that the tentative (13)CO features in the GHRS data are unquestionably identified. If there is no blending from any other unknown interstellar species, the isotope ratio of (12)CO/(13)CO is approximately 82 +/ 25. This result is close to the terrestrial value of 90 and implies that the CO is not substantially fractionated, and (12)C(16)O experiences little preferential selfshielding through the selective isotopic photodissociation process. This conclusion differs strongly with that of Sheffer et al. Other implications of the results are discussed.
 Publication:

The Astrophysical Journal
 Pub Date:
 May 1994
 DOI:
 10.1086/174060
 Bibcode:
 1994ApJ...426..254L
 Keywords:

 Abundance;
 Astronomical Models;
 Carbon Monoxide;
 Equilibrium Equations;
 Molecular Excitation;
 Statistical Analysis;
 Ultraviolet Absorption;
 Ultraviolet Astronomy;
 Echelle Gratings;
 High Resolution;
 Hubble Space Telescope;
 Oao 3;
 Spectrographs;
 Astrophysics;
 ISM: ABUNDANCES;
 MOLECULAR PROCESSES;
 STARS: INDIVIDUAL CONSTELLATION NAME: ZETA OPHIUCHI;
 ULTRAVIOLET: STARS