Method for calculating and observing microwave absorption by a sphere in a single mode rectangular cavity
Abstract
A new theory of microwave absorption by a lossy dielectric sphere in a single mode rectangular cavity has been recently developed. The absorption was treated in the framework of an electromagnetic scattering problem. That theory is summarized here and calculated results that bear on optimizing the processing of materials are illustrated. Methods for observing power absorption and other results predicted by the scattering model are discussed. Cavity perturbation theory provides a bridge between theoretical calculations and experimental observations, and a special problem that arises when an established version of cavity perturbation theory is applied to spheres is identified, analyzed, and resolved. The direct problem of predicting shifts in frequency and Q from model calculations is discussed for a sphere in a cavity when the sphere's complex dielectric constant is known. Also, the inverse problem of determining the complex dielectric constants from measured values of those shifts is considered. The small sphere limit, where an electrostatic or quasistatic model is valid, is treated in detail, and planned work on parallel problems for larger spheres is described.
 Publication:

In: Microwaves: Theory and application in materials processing
 Pub Date:
 1991
 Bibcode:
 1991mtam.rept..261J
 Keywords:

 Dielectrics;
 Electromagnetic Scattering;
 Microwave Absorption;
 Spheres;
 Cavity Resonators;
 Fabrication;
 Frequency Shift;
 Mie Scattering;
 Perturbation Theory;
 Temperature Distribution;
 Physics (General)