Computational analysis of flow in 3D propulsive transition ducts
Abstract
A numerical analysis of fully three dimensional, statistically steady flows in propulsive transition ducts being considered for use in future aircraft of higher maneuverability is investigated. The purpose of the transition duct is to convert axisymmetric flow from conventional propulsion systems to that of a rectangular geometry of high aspect ratio. In an optimal design, the transition duct would be of minimal length in order to reduce the weight penalty, while the geometrical change would be gradual enough to avoid detrimental flow perturbations. Recent experiments conducted at the Propulsion Aerodynamics Branch have indicated that thrust losses in ducts of superelliptic crosssection can be surprisingly low, even if flow separation occurs near the divergent walls. In order to address the objective of developing a rational design procedure for optimal transition ducts, it is necessary to have available a reliable computational tool for the analysis of flows achieved in a sequence of configurations. Current CFD efforts involving complicated geometries usually must contend with two separate but interactive aspects: namely, grid generation and flow solution. The first two avenues of the present investigation were comprised of suitable grid generation for a class of transition ducts of superelliptic crosssection, and the subsequent application of the flow solver PAB3D to this geometry. The code, PAB3D, was developed as a comprehensive tool for the solution of both internal and external high speed flows. The third avenue of investigation has involved analytical formulations to aid in the understanding of the nature of duct flows, and also to provide a basis of comparison for subsequent numerical solutions. Numerical results to date include the generation of two preliminary grid systems for duct flows, and the initial application of PAB3D to the corresponding geometries, which are of the class tested experimentally.
 Publication:

In Hampton Univ
 Pub Date:
 September 1990
 Bibcode:
 1990asee.nasa..110S
 Keywords:

 Boundary Layer Separation;
 Design Analysis;
 Ducted Flow;
 Ducts;
 Grid Generation (Mathematics);
 Perturbation;
 Separated Flow;
 Three Dimensional Flow;
 Aircraft Maneuvers;
 Axisymmetric Flow;
 High Aspect Ratio;
 High Speed;
 Propulsion System Configurations;
 Propulsion System Performance;
 Weight Reduction;
 Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer