The potential of X-ray imaging is discussed relative to the present observation programs and the requirements for future study. The features of imaging that are of particular interest to X-ray study are listed and compared to AXAF and Einstein effective performances. High-throughput imaging allows the detection of a high number of photons, but can increase source confusion and compromise sensitivity. High-angular-resolution imaging increases the ability to resolve the source of emission in multistar systems, and high-energy reflective imaging of up to 40 keV can increase the range of detectable X-rays. Multilayer normal incidence imaging can be applied to reflect soft X-rays at normal incidence, and a 1-m-diameter X-ray multilayer telescope (XMT) is described to take advantage of these detections. The XMT design permits the study of local objects such as QSOs, but several technologies require development to realize the XMT.