Mechanistic Studies of the Reactions of 2-Methylporpene with Deuterium Over Supported Metal Catalysts
Deuterium NMR spectroscopy, gas chromatography and mass spectrometry have been used to examine the products from the reaction of 2-methylpropene with deuterium over supported metal catalysts. The detailed information, so obtained, about the number, location and grouping of deuterium atoms in both the exchanged alkenes and the 2-methylpropanes formed by addition provided evidence about possible mechanisms. With palladium, exchange was faster than addition and the deuterium atoms were randomly distributed in the alkene, probably through a π-allyl dissociative mechanism. With platinum and rhodium, exchange occurred preferentially in the methylene groups of the alkene and the results indicated a dissociative mechanism involving adsorbed vinyl intermediates together with some intramolecular double-bond movement through a π-allyl type of species. Relatively little exchange occurred with iridium. The activities of the metals for production of alkane at 235 K were Rh > Ir > Pd > Pt but the spread was only a factor of about 20. With all metals except palladium further exchange occurred during the addition process, but this was mainly concentrated in one methyl group. This behaviour was explained in terms of mechanisms that permitted additional exchange of the methylene group of the alkene to take place during the addition process.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series A
- Pub Date:
- July 1989